The villagers of Agnam-Goly cultivate sorghum, corn, beans and watermelons in the Walo following the seasonal flooding of the Senegal River. During the wet season, millet, beans, bissap, melon, and sorghum are grown in the Dieri. Agriculture in the village is undergoing a crisis, because rainfall has decreased, irrigation is insufficient, the soil is depleted of nutrients, the price of fertilizer is high, and locusts and other pests attack crops. Nevertheless, horticulture gardening is expected to benefit the village over the coming years. In addition to agriculture, the villagers engage extensively in livestock herding, consisting mainly of cattle, sheep, and goats. Poultry raising is uncommon, as is commercial trading. The village depends on migrant labor for its subsistence. These migrants support their families by sending monthly remittances, which are used to buy food and pay for school and health care.
The village of Agnam-Goly is traversed by the N2 national highway and possesses the following infrastructures and services:
- Two elementary schools with eighteen classrooms, six of which were built by the village with locally raised funds, with partial connection to electricity;
- One middle junior high school;
- One health clinic equipped with an ambulance that is currently out of service;
- A borehole and six wells;
- A credit and savings mutual, managed by the women of the Agnam community;
- A soccer field; and
- A central market and a weekly market.